“Resilience/Resilient” is a term that means easily being able to return to an original shape after being bent with great force. The term has recently been applied to the ability of the Japanese government to respond to the risks of major natural disasters, such as an expected huge earthquake in central Tokyo and an expected powerful earthquake in the Nankai Trough that runs off central and western Japan, emphasized in the country’s policy of national resilience. It is considered imperative for Japan to establish a strong and flexible social infrastructure able to minimize possible damage from natural disasters and enable the speedy recovery and rehabilitation from such damage.