CSR Charter ⅡHarmonizing with the Environment and Contributing to Realizing a Sustainable Society
Efforts in Resource Recycling
Principle and Outline
Osaka Gas is thoroughly implementing the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle), cutting its resource consumption and waste generation, and endeavoring to reuse and recycle used resources in its efforts to help create a recycling-oriented society. We are recycling resources throughout our business activity value chain by such means as striving for zero emissions at LNG terminals, reusing gas meters, recycling gas pipe materials, reusing excavated soil from gas pipe installation, and recycling used gas equipment.
Consumption of Resources by Daigas Group (* Including Consumption by Service Chains)
Toward achieving Environmental Action Targets
The final disposal rate of industrial waste* at LNG terminals in FY2017 was 0.1% (amount generated: 162 tons; amount of final disposal: 0.2 tons) against the 0% target, because 0.2 tons of waste were generated for which there was no option but final disposal. Locations other than LNG terminals achieved the target of FY2017 with a result of 0.7% (amount generated: 2,704 tons; amount of final disposal: 2.6 tons).
Regarding the general waste, final disposal rate was 2.6% (amount generated: 640 tons; amount of final disposal: 17 tons), which achieved the target for FY2017. We continue our effort for achieving the target for FY2018 by effective PDCA of company-wide Environmental management system (EMS).
- * Final disposal of waste
- Waste disposed of at authorized landfill sites.
Waste Generation and Disposal
Waste Generation and Disposal (tons)
|Industrial waste||LNG terminals||Amount of waste generated||167.8||232.2||162.0|
|Amount of final disposal||0.4||0.6||0.2|
|Final disposal rate||0.2%||0.3%||0.1%|
|Others||Amount of waste generated||2,705.3||2,882.1||2,703.6|
|Amount of final disposal||35.2||26.0||17.7|
|Final disposal rate||1.3%||0.9%||0.7%|
|General waste||Amount of waste generated||788.5||707.3||640.3|
|Amount of final disposal||18.0||17.0||16.8|
|Final disposal rate||2.3%||2.4%||2.6%|
① Industrial Waste Generated by Osaka Gas (t): Scrap Metal, Rubble, etc.
|Waste type||Item in detail||Amount of waste generated ( a )||Amount of final
disposal ( b )
|Final disposal rate
( b / a )
|Waste oil||Lubricating oil, wash oil, used cooking oil||87||116||77||1||1||2||1%||1%||3%|
|Waste plastics||PE pipe debris, used insulating material, used display panels||625||635||602||17||13||7||3%||2%||1%|
|Metal debris||Excavated pipes, flexible pipes||920||1,089||639||6||2||2||1%||0%||0%|
|Glass, concrete, ceramics||Used fluorescent lamps, used tiles||15||19||13||0||1||0||0%||3%||1%|
|Debris||Waste asphalt and concrete||922||761||1,001||0||3||0||0%||0%||0%|
|Others||Rubbers, waste antirust agents, used gas appliances||221||344||279||6||5||5||3%||2%||2%|
|Osaka Gas Total||2,873||3,114||2,866||36||27||18||1%||0.9%||0.6%|
② Industrial Waste Generated in the Service Chain (t): Scrap Metal, Glass, etc.
|Waste type||Amount of waste generated ( a )||Amount of final disposal ( b )||Final disposal rate
( b / a )
|Used gas appliances, used home fixtures and equipment||2,330||2,232||1,719||359||305||219||15%||14%||13%|
③ Industrial Waste Generated by the City Gas Business (t) ( = ① + ② )
|Amount of waste generated ( a )||Amount of final disposal ( b )||Final disposal rate
( b / a )
- * Waste from customers
- Waste metals and gas pipes generated at contract construction
General and Industrial Waste by Category (t)
|Waste type||Amount of waste generated ( a )|
|Paper categories||Copy paper||20||14||11|
|General waste total||789||707||640|
Volume of water intake
(1,000 m³ )
|General water, water for industrial use||1,825||1,464||1,525|
Volume of water discharge
(1,000 m³ )
|Discharge into sewage systems||407||415||412|
|Discharge into rivers||0||0||0|
|Discharge into the sea||401,112||391,629||398,994|
Resource Consumption at Affiliates
Results for Industrial Waste Reduction and Recycling at Affiliates (t)
|Waste type||Item in detail||Generated ( a )||Final disposal ( b )||Final disposal rate
( b / a )
|Waste oil||Lubricating oil, wash oil, used cooking oil||150||182||235||3||4||71||2%||2%||30%|
|Waste plastics||PE pipe debris, used insulating material, used display panels||1,083||1,170||1,711||390||432||704||36%||37%||41%|
|Metal debris||Excavated pipes, flexible pipes||810||1,000||1,238||73||149||493||9%||15%||40%|
|Glass, concrete, ceramics||Used fluorescent lamps, used tiles||837||815||1,578||606||595||1,159||72%||73%||73%|
|Debris||Waste asphalt and concrete||2,370||1,901||2,454||1,250||102||94||53%||5%||4%|
|Others||Rubbers, waste antirust agents, used gas appliances||72,993||70,698||80,410||817||470||866||1%||1%||1%|
|Osaka Gas Total||79,705||77,983||89,846||3,911||2,838||4,292||4.9%||3.6%||4.8%|
|Breakdown||Electric power companies||41,634||42,705||51,592||556||729||567||1%||2%||1%|
|Regional air-conditioning service companies||65||100||510||32||44||15||50%||44%||3%|
Volume of water intake
(1,000 m³ )
|General water, water for industrial use||9,014||9,085||9,602|
Volume of water discharge
(1,000 m³ )
|Discharge into sewage systems||1,232||1,360||1,377|
|Discharge into rivers||1,781||3,029||1,257|
|Discharge into the sea||196,564||133,107||189,364|
Resource Recycling Efforts at the Daigas Group
Use of recycled soil at gas pipe construction
The Daigas Group works to reduce the amount of excavated soil and waste asphalt generated as a result of gas pipe installation, which contributes to reduce impact on the ecosystem. Ways to achieve this include the Vermeer method, which requires soil excavation of only two points, and the shallow pipe installation method. In FY2017 these methods allowed us to reduce the amount of excavated soil generated by 490,000 tons compared to what would have been generated using conventional methods.
Our soil and asphalt recycling system promotes the reuse of waste asphalt and excavated soil as either recycled asphalt, regenerated roadbed material, or improved soil. These efforts allowed us to reuse 89% of material excavated during gas pipeline construction in FY2017 and send to final disposal just 10,000 tons.
|(1) Estimated amount
|(2) Reduced amount||60||55||51||51||49|
|(3) Generated amount ((1)-(2))||85||84||80||80||71|
|(4) Recycled amount||80||75||70||71||63|
|(5) Recycling rate ((4)/(3))||94%||90%||88%||89%||89%|
|(6) Utilized amount||4||8||9||8||7|
|(7) Final disposal amount
Final Disposal Amount of Excavated Soil and Recycling Rate
Reuse of Excavated Soil at Osaka Gas
Replacing pipes without excavation
The method of replacing pipes without excavation is a method of burying polyethylene (PE) pipes in which only each end of the construction stretch is excavated. Not only does this these methods result in less excavated soil, it they also reduces the impediment of traffic around the construction site.
The Vermeer method is a method to lay polyethylene (PE) pipes over long distances, with excavating from only both end points of the pipe.
First, jets of muddy water are sprayed from the tip of the drill to make it easy to drill and, while confirming from the ground above the tip of the drill, a steel rod is inserted into the ground. After reaching the correct position, the rod is connected to polyethylene pipes and then pulled back up, pulling the polyethylene pipes with it.
Vermeer Method - a Non-excavating Method
- Non-excavation method: method for laying 100-200 A PE pipes without excavating.
- Horizontal directional drill: A machine that establishes the planned route by piercing through the ground.
- Reamer: A tool for expanding the initial hole to a size large enough for gas pipes.
Promotion of the shallow pipe installation method
Shallow pipe installation method, authorized in 1999, allows the laying of shallower pipelines than before. As a result, excavation widths became narrower and it became possible to greatly reduce the amount of excavated soil generated when laying gas pipes and restored afterward, mitigating environmental impacts.
Comparison of Conventional Gas Pipe Installation Method with Shallow Pipe Installation Currently in Use
Recycling of used gas pipes
The polyethylene (PE) pipes waste material generated at work sites is mainly used as covers to protect gas pipes and as post markers to indicate the location of supply pipes. In FY2017, 201 tons of PE pipe waste was generated and all was reused. Metal pipes, such as steel and cast-iron pipes, are sold to electric furnace manufacturers and recycling companies, who use them as raw materials for products.
PE Pipe Recycling Rate (t)
|Amount of waste
|Amount of resources recycled||191||215||198||200||201|
Recycling of used gas appliances
In FY2017, the Daigas Group re-collected 1,017 tons of used gas appliances, and 90% of the total was recycled into metal.
Electronic issuance of a manifest certifying waste disposal via the Daigas Group's e-cycle system
The Daigas Group has developed a unique “e-cycle” system to expedite waste disposal through the issuance of a manifest certifying each disposal process. Under the system, gas appliance sales agents, waste shipping firms, and disposal companies are connected to each other via the Internet. After the gas equipment collected by the sales agents is handled appropriately by the shipping firms and the disposal companies, a manifest certifying each process of disposal is issued. The general public can expeditiously confirm the disposal through the manifest. The manifest system is intended to promote the appropriate disposal of industrial waste disposal. When a company consigns industrial waste disposal to a third party, the company is obligated to issue a manifest certifying that the re-collection and disposal to the party after disposal has been carried out as intended.
Such a manifest is electronically issued, as the Daigas Group's e-cycle system is connected to the Japan Industrial Waste Information Center (JWNET) through the EDI.*
- * EDI
- EDI stands for electronic data interchange. Electronic data are exchanged between the JWNET and Osaka Gas's e-cycle system.
Compliance with the Home Appliance Recycling Law
The Daigas Group appropriately disposes of gas air conditioners for household use and clothes dryers, covered by the Home Appliance Recycling Law, in line with the law.
In FY2017, about 159 tons of gas air conditioners for household use were collected, and 90% of them were recycled, higher than the minimum mandatory recycling rate of 80%. The amount of clothes dryers collected during the same year came to about 13 tons, 87% of which was recycled, far above the mandatory recycling rate of 82%.
|Number of units recycled (units)||5,780||5,724||4,624||4,093||3,870|
|Gross weight recovered (t)||242 t||240 t||193 t||170 t||159 t|
|Weight recycled (t)||214 t||212 t||173 t||154 t||144 t|
|Number of units recycled (units)||331||516||373||345||321|
|Gross weight recovered (t)||12 t||19 t||14 t||13 t||13 t|
|Weight recycled (t)||9.8 t||16 t||12 t||12 t||11 t|
Reusing of gas meters
To measure the amount of gas used by customers, Osaka Gas has installed approximately seven million gas meters. Under the Japanese Measurement Law, these devices must be replaced every 10 years.*1
After 10 years in use, gas meters are repaired (taken apart, inspected, and fixed) to make them perform as well as new ones. They are then installed at customer sites. In the past, this type of repair was conducted a third time to give the gas meters a total lifespan of 40 years. After conducting evaluations including durability tests*2 jointly with the gas meter manufacturers, we came to a decision that these gas meters can be used another 20 years if twice of additional repairs are conducted.
As a component material, around 2 kg*3 of aluminum is used in each gas meter body. Reusing gas meter reduce 80%*4 of CO2 emissions, that includes CO2 emission that would have been emitted in the process of casting a new gas meter body, giving a cumulative total reduction of 85,000 tons over the next 20 years, compared with producing new meters.
- *1 Replacement of meters
- Some exceptions apply. (Meters from #25 or higher need to be replaced every seven years)
- Cyclic tests, accelerated temperature tests, etc.
- A body of gas meter contains approximately 2 kg (average of from #2.5 to #6) of aluminum.
- Calculated with new meters also using regenerated aluminum.
Recycling of used alarm devices and styrene foam used for packaging
More than half of used alarms and machine-wrapping styrene foam had been incinerated or put into landfill in the past. However, we have been recycling all of them since FY2013 by converting them into so-called RPF, or refuse paper & plastic fuel.
And since November 2014, Osaka Gas has been reclaiming rare metals contained in the substrates of alarm devices and recycling plastics used in the devices.
Expanded use of returnable packages
In accordance with our "Green Purchasing Policy" (formulated in 2000 and revised in 2012), Osaka Gas have been cooperating with business partners in "Green Purchasing" that prioritizes the procurement of eco-friendly products and installation contracts.
Osaka Gas is reducing the amount of material used for gas appliances packaging. For "Eco-Jozu" high-efficiency water heaters, we introduced returnable packaging that can be reused about 10 times and expanded its use in FY2013. In FY2017, the number of units shipped with returnable packaging (1,595 units) was about 2% of all "Eco-Jozu" shipments